Welcome toVigges Developer Community-Open, Learning,Share
Welcome To Ask or Share your Answers For Others

Categories

0 votes
1.2k views
in Technique[技术] by (71.8m points)

python - model.evaluate() and model.predict () return very different results

This is my model's architecture:

def generate_network_2 (lr = 3e-3, drop = 0.4):
  
  
  #filters = 64
  model = keras.models.Sequential()
  model.add(keras.layers.Conv2D(64,kernel_size = 5, strides = 2, activation = 'relu', padding = "same",
                                input_shape = (312, 312, 3)))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.MaxPooling2D((2,2), padding = "same"))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  
  model.add(keras.layers.Conv2D(128, kernel_size = 3, activation="relu", padding = "same"))         
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.Conv2D(128, kernel_size = 3, activation="relu", padding = "same"))          
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.MaxPooling2D((2,2), padding = "same"))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  
  model.add(keras.layers.Conv2D(256, kernel_size = 3, activation="relu", padding = "same"))          
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.Conv2D(256,  kernel_size = 3, activation="relu", padding = "same"))        
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.MaxPooling2D((2,2), padding = "same"))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
 
  model.add(keras.layers.Flatten())
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.Dense(64,  activation = "relu"))
  model.add(keras.layers.Dropout(drop))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.Dense(16,activation = "relu"))
  model.add(keras.layers.Dropout(drop))
  model.add(keras.layers.normalization.BatchNormalization())
  model.add(keras.layers.Dense(3, activation = "softmax"))

  optimizer = keras.optimizers.Adam(learning_rate = lr)
  

  model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy', 
                optimizer=optimizer, metrics=['accuracy'])
                
  return model

When I run model.evaluate on the validation dataset, I get a 69% accuracy. However, when I manually calculate the accuracy and the confusion matrix using model.predict, I got ~ 31%

model.evaluate(valid_gen)

4/4 [==============================] - 2s 506ms/step - loss: 0.7732 - accuracy: 0.6917 [0.773181676864624, 0.6916666626930237]

def print_cm(cm, labels):
    """pretty print for confusion matrixes"""
    columnwidth = max([len(x) for x in labels])
    # Print header
    print(" " * columnwidth, end="")
    for label in labels:
        print("%{0}s".format(columnwidth) % label, end="")
    print()
    # Print rows
    for i, label1 in enumerate(labels):
        print("%{0}s".format(columnwidth) % label1, end="")
        for j in range(len(labels)):
            print("%{0}d".format(columnwidth) % cm[i, j], end="")
        print()

pred = np.argmax(model.predict(valid_data), axis=-1)
actual = valid_data.classes
cm = confusion_matrix(actual,pred)
print('Confusion Matrix')
print_cm(cm, ["0", "1", "2"]) 

Confusion Matrix 0 1 2
0 9 12 15
1 8 16 14
2 12 19 15

                 Classification Report
           precision    recall  f1-score   support

       0       0.31      0.25      0.28        36
       1       0.34      0.42      0.38        38
       2       0.34      0.33      0.33        46

accuracy                           0.33       120

macro avg 0.33 0.33 0.33 120 weighted avg 0.33 0.33 0.33 12


与恶龙缠斗过久,自身亦成为恶龙;凝视深渊过久,深渊将回以凝视…
Welcome To Ask or Share your Answers For Others

1 Answer

0 votes
by (71.8m points)

The problem was because of shuffle = True and a default batch size = 32. When making only 1 prediction with generators at a time, it should be something like this:

valid_data = valid_gen.flow_from_directory(
        directory,
        ...
        shuffle = False,
        class_mode='categorical',
        batch_size=1)


pred = model.predict(valid_data,steps = number_of_samples).argmax(axis = 1)
actual = valid_data.classes

Steps and batch size needed to be determined accordingly, but that's the simplest way to do it with a batch size of 1.

Shuffle = False, to make sure that our class orders not messed up when we're using valid_data.classes


与恶龙缠斗过久,自身亦成为恶龙;凝视深渊过久,深渊将回以凝视…
Welcome to Vigges Developer Community for programmer and developer-Open, Learning and Share
...